Background

The Texas Colorado River Floodplain Coalition (TCRFC or Coalition) is sponsoring the development of a multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Action Plan (HMAP)Update that will address all natural and man-caused hazards that could potentially affect communities that previously were not included in the 2004 Hazard Mitigation Plan, “Creating a Disaster Resistant Lower Colorado River Basin.” Further, the TCRFC is conducted an update of the 2004 Hazard Mitigation Plan to revise mitigation actions and risk assessments for communities in the TCRFC who wish to participate. The 2011 update was an opportunity to evaluate successful mitigation actions and to explore other means of avoiding future disaster loss.

Allison Flood 2001

The goal of the plan is to minimize or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from known hazards by identifying and implementing cost-effective mitigation actions. Mitigationis defined by FEMA as sustained actions taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their effects. The purpose of the Coalitions’ mitigation plan is twofold: to protect people and structures, and to minimize the costs of disaster response and recovery.

The updated Hazard Mitigation Plan resulted in the incorporation of newly added jurisdictions to the TCRFC. The plan  integrated the existing Hazard Mitigation Plan for the Lower Colorado River Basin, utilizing a basin-wide approach. The plan was prepared as an update to the existing 2004 Hazard Mitigation Plan and reflected conditions that have changed since 2004. The updated plan complies with all requirements promulgated by the Texas Division of Emergency Management (DEM) and all applicable provisions of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Section 104 of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000) (P.L. 106-390), and the Bunning-Bereuter-Blumenauer Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2004 (P.L. 108–264), which amended the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001, et al). It also complies with FEMA’s February 26, 2002 Interim Final Rule (“the Rule”) at 44 CFR Part 201 which specifies the criteria for approval of mitigation plans required in Section 322 of the DMA 2000. The updated plan was also developed in accordance with FEMA’s Community Rating System (CRS) Floodplain Management Plan standards and policies.

A FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan is required for eligibility for grant funds through FEMA’s pre-disaster grant programs such as: Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA), Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC), and the Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL) program; and for post-disaster grant programs such as: Public Assistance (PA) and Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) funding. Funds from these federal grant programs may be awarded to local governments and non-profit organizations to implement mitigation projects identified as part of a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan.

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